Copyright and Fair Use

This page will have links to several areas having to do with Copyright and Fair Use; definitions, resources, images, sounds, videos and how to cite information. REMEMBER: even if you find a resource on this site, check the licensing and copyright every time, it is not only the legal thing to do, but the right thing to do.

Terms to know: (Definitions from Wikipedia. Click on links to read more)

Attribution: in copyright law, is the requirement to acknowledge or credit the author of a work which is used or appears in another work. Attribution is required by most copyright and copyleft licenses, such as the GNU Free Documentation License and Creative Commons licenses.
Attribution is often considered the most basic of requirements made by a license, as it allows an author to accumulate a positive reputation that partially repays their work and prevents others from claiming fraudulently to have produced the work. It is also regarded a decent sign of respect to acknowledge the creator and thus give him/her credit for the work.
Creative Commons Licenses: Many of the licenses, notably all the original licenses, grant certain "baseline rights",[1] such as the right to distribute the copyrighted work without changes, at no charge. Some of the newer licenses do not grant these rights.
Copyleft is a play on the word copyright to describe the practice of using copyright law to remove restrictions on distributing copies and modified versions of a work for others and requiring that the same freedoms be preserved in modified versions.
Copyright is the exclusive right granted to the author of an original work, including the right to authorise or ban the publication, distribution and adaptation of that work.
GNU Free Documentation License (GNU FDL or simply GFDL) is a copyleft license for free documentation, designed by the Free Software Foundation (FSF) for the GNU Project. It is similar to the GNU General Public License, giving readers the rights to copy, redistribute, and modify a work and requires all copies and derivatives to be available under the same license. Copies may also be sold commercially, but, if produced in larger quantities (greater than 100), the original document or source code must be made available to the work's recipient.

Explanations and resources


Copyright and fair Use: This links to the wiki copyright confusion, with sources for teachers and students on what copyright means and what fair use means.
American University Center for Social Media: Code of best practices.

Copyright Advisory Network: A community of librarians, copyright scholars, policy wonks and others.

Portals for images, sounds and other media


Flickr CC Blue Mountains : photo images with attribution.
Flickr Free Use Photos: No attribution needed.
Openphoto: Free Stock Images.
Open ClipArt: Free clip art
US Government Photos and Multimedia: Most items are public domain, but check the disclaimers.
Library of Congress Photostream on Flickr
Wikimedia Commons: A database of 14 freely usable media files to which anyone can contribute.
Pics4Learning Copyright friendly images for education

Content Specific Media


Smithsonian Flickr PhotoStream
American Memory Collection: Library of Congress. (click on "Photos and Prints" and check the "Copyright and Restrictions" section for each collection)
American Memory Maps Collection
America From the Great Depression to World War II: FSA/OWI 1935-1945 American Memory collection
Great Images in NASA
NASA Image Exchange
NASA Multimedia Gallery
NASA Photo Archive
NASA's Planetary Photojournal
Sound Map of the World

Citation Sites

Easybib :The Automatic Bibliography & Citation Maker
Bibme: fully automatic bibliography maker that auto-fills. It's the easiest way to build a works cited page. And it's free.
Duke University Library: Documentation Guidelines for citing sources and avoiding plagiarism.